Eight fishing ports devastated by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami will be fully rebuilt by the end of fiscal 2015 under a revised government disaster reconstruction schedule set for release on Nov. 29.
The plan, put together by the government’s Great East Japan Earthquake reconstruction headquarters led by Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda, also sets near complete restoration of 416 coastal districts in five years.
The revisions to the reconstruction plan, first set on Aug. 26, came after taking into account current progress and the disaster recovery funds earmarked in the third fiscal 2011 supplementary budget. The revisions also set work schedules for 43 municipalities in six prefectures that saw significant damage in the March 11 disasters.
The plan labels the eight ports — Hachinohe in Aomori Prefecture, Kamaishi and Ofunato in Iwate Prefecture, Onagawa, Ishinomaki, Kesennuma and Shiogama in Miyagi Prefecture, and Choshi in Chiba Prefecture — “national fishing bases,” and also sets a mid-term goal of restoring basic functionality by the end of fiscal 2013. It also includes provisions to restart 12 of 16 sewage treatment plants in Miyagi, Fukushima and Iwate prefectures that are currently out of operation.
On rebuilding along the tsunami-ravaged seaboard from Aomori Prefecture in the north to Chiba Prefecture in the south, the revised plan states that emergency help for the many businesses and families within 50 kilometers of the Pacific coast wound down at the end of September. Instead, with basic construction preparations now complete, the government is shifting to a full-blown rebuilding effort projected to reach all disaster-affected districts in five years. The plan also calls for reclamation of some 3,660 hectares of land inundated by the tsunami in five years, and tree planting on the land in 10 years.
The revised rebuilding schedule furthermore added plans for public housing for disaster victims having trouble rebuilding their homes, and the mass relocation of tsunami-damaged neighborhoods to safer ground. However, it did not set out concrete timeframes for these projects as they are primarily municipal responsibilities.